Privacy in the houses of eastern parts of Iran, during the transition period with an emphasis on the architecture of housing entrances

Authors

1 Ph. D Student, Department of Architecture, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran

3 Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The culture of the West gradually penetrated the traditional Persian world and during transition period (late Qajar and Pahlavi I dynasty), the speed of westernization was doubled. The research problem is that due to changes, the lifestyle has undergone some changes, which has affected in particular housing entrances. This research examines the process of changes in the entrances of houses in eastern Iran during the transition period with an approach towards the principles of privacy. The statistical population includes over 200 identified houses built during the transition period, in the east of Iran. Forty houses (about 20 %) are selected as examples. The results show that the changes in the political, social and cultural structures provided the grounds for changes in the physical structure of cities. For various reasons, the physical changes of houses were less frequent and slower. The people of eastern Iran resisted as much as possible the social and cultural transformation as well as the physical changes it caused. Since the principle of Privacy in architecture is inextricably linked to religious beliefs and the lifestyle of the people of this area, the changes could not eliminate the privacy of entrances of the Iranian eastern houses.

Keywords