Phenomenological Reading of Dwelling; Explaining How Humans Find Dwelling in the World from Heidegger's Point of View

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 PHD Student of Architecture, Art and Architecture Faculty, Islamic Azad University of Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan

2 Architecture Faculty, Islamic Azad Universit, Mashhad Branch

3 Art And Architecture Faculty, Islamic Azad University of Mashhad.

Abstract

Phenomenological philosophy believes that dwelling is the main way of interaction with the world and most of the life-world changes take place through the dwelling. However, for contemporary man, dwelling has been reduced to a habitual thing and its quality has been forgotten. Major studies on dwelling have also considered it as only a human behavior in a set of other behaviors and have neglected how to dwell. That is why we are facing a Being Crisis. Martin Heidegger was one of the first thinkers to realize this dilemma and identified dwelling from an ontological perspective. In his view, human existence is based on dwelling. But since dwelling has become an ontic matter, human is not settled down, but is rather homeless. The objective of this study is to explain how human dwell in the world from Heidegger's view and to answer this question that what is the significant relationship between man and the world and how this relationship causes dwelling in the world? For this purpose, by using the method of descriptive/interpretive research and the technique of
"library studies", we have first studied anthropology and cosmology and the relationship between man and the world and then the dwelling phenomenon. Based on research findings, in Heidegger's view, interaction with "things" in the environment transforms human`s being-in-the-world into being-in-the-place and elevates the environment to the place. In order to dwell in the place human has to build. The building that corresponds to the essence of the place brings being-in-the-place to being-in-the-settling-place.

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