The Interaction between Heidegger's Philosophical Hermeneutics and Christian Norberg-Schulz's Architectural Language

Document Type : Original Article


1 P.h.D student of Architecture, Department of Architecture Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

4 Architecture department, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran


The loss of the communicational power between the architecture and the crisis of meaning might be felt in the contemporary era. Heidegger, the founder of philosophical hermeneutics in the 20th century, believes that spaces owe their existence to a place and not to a space and that the spaces owe their power to a place where human experiences exist. Therefore, one may find out the importance of human beings (Dasein) on the issue of existence and time. Heidegger's philosophical hermeneutics attitude is reflected in the architecture, such as Christian Norberg-Schulz, the Norwegian theorist and architecture, who is affected by Martin Heidegger from philosophical viewpoint. While interpreting the attitudes of Heidegger to the architectural language, Schulz called architecture as presenting the world and providing the meaning. The current research aims at finding a way for the easy understanding of the audience regarding the philosophical hermeneutics in architecture. In this regard, the research method is descriptive from subject viewpoint, and as to the data gathering, the documents' information is gathered (Library-based method). Heidegger believes that the existential elements of origin, path and destination are meaningful when the world is put in the place. Schulz believes that the architectural language related to establishing meaningful places is summarized into three main words of topology, typology and morphology, the architectural elements of which are form, space and place.