Explaining the Components of Synomorphy in the Outdoor Behavior Setting of Residential Complexes: A Case Study of Kerman Residential Complexes

Authors

1 PhD student of Architecture, Department of Architecture, Azad University, Bam Branch

2 Department of Architecture, Azad University, Bam Branch

Abstract

This study seeks to evaluate the correlation between the pattern of interactive behavior and the pattern of physical environment and subsequently improve the quality of residential complexes. Open spaces between residential buildings are the bedrock for residents to connect with nature and spend their leisure time outdoors and in the immediate vicinity of the house. Also, paying attention to the position of behavioral sciences in urban design and planning, and how space affects the occurrence of human behavior are among the items that need to be studied and reviewed conceptually and operationally regarding designs. The main problem in this article is to explain the correlation between the pattern of interactive behavior and the pattern of the physical environment of open spaces in the selected residential complexes in Kerman. The overall objective of the present study is investigating the effect of behavior characteristics on three outdoor samples of selected residential complexes in Kerman and improving the use of environment by examining the influential components in the open space of residential complexes and reaching the desired open space by identifying the effect of behavior and physical environment and capabilities of the environment. The main question which is raised in this study is that what factors are effective in creating Synemorphism in the open space of the selected residential complexes in the city of Kerman. The research method is descriptive-analytical. Data were collected through a questionnaire, and structural equation tests were used to measure the variables and research hypotheses using Amos 24 software. The results indicate that the higher ratio of residential open space in the behavioral setting creates meanings for explaining the behavioral-physical components.

Keywords