Faculty of Architecture and Urban Development, Imam Khomeini International University (IKIU), Qazvin, Iran
The issue of stress, mental fatigue and othe types of psychitric disordrs has gained a considerable importance in different societies because of various changes in lifestyle and the growth of modern Urbanization. According to the American Psychological Association (APA), the prevalence of anxiety between students these days is at the same level as psychiatric patients in the 1950`s. On the other hand, in the modern urbanization areas, peole are exposed to many stressors such as traffic, fear, crime and obstructive population. Therefore, the approaches toward stress reduction have been given much more attention than before. One of the most intresting methods to reduce the general stress of the patients and normal people suffering from stress is to utilize rehabilitation gardens. The gardens make use of special features to reduce the level of stress and mental fatigue in visitors without special needs for medical treatments, by getting involved in garden`s space and doing certain activities. This research aims to investigate the role, and mechanism of the rehabilitation gardens, for reduction of stress and mental fatigue. It may be concluded from the research that rehabilitation gardens cause a reduction in stress and mental fatigue through three different mechanisms, active, semi-active and passive mechanism.