A Contrastive Analysis of Urban Resilience Theories in Urban Planning and Urban Design

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Urban planning and design, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran

2 Design, Department of urbanism, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran


The present research investigates the resilience and its theories from the perspective of urban design and urban planning. Resonance is not only an increase in the power of tolerance and adaptability of an individual in dealing with the problem, but also what is being discussed in the planning of the world. It is of great importance because it can easily affect the life and durability of a city. Resonance is that the cities gain more capability in such a way that they can respond in the shortest time to the crises and show the best response. The data collection tool in the research is the study of documents and literature texts and valid papers in the field of resilience, and the method of analysis is based on content analysis and comparative studies. The research findings show that the theory of resilience and the spatial theory are is content-based, explanatory, normative, structural and functional. Also, social resilience theory is a prescriptive, procedural, normative theory, based on multilevel, democratic and social programming. The approach is to resonate the place where the urban design has a social problem that is characterized by urban planning Sue is coming.