Explaining Social Criteria in Measuring Urban Environment Quality with Emphasis on Physical activity (Case study: Hijab Neighborhood)

Document Type : Original Article


Department of urbanism, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.


Urbanization growth in recent decades has led to widespread health, social and economic inequalities among residents of many cities. Among its most important consequences is inactivity of citizens around the world as well as Iran. Physical inactivity, as one of the most important issues of public health, is related to the social environment and citizens' daily lifestyle and activities. Among the criteria that should be taken into consideration in today's urban life are social criteria. For this purpose, the indicators obtained from the author's studies were measured within the framework of the study. Accordingly, the purpose of the present study is to explain the social criteria for measuring the quality of urban living environment with an emphasis on opportunities for physical activity, and to investigate the relationship between social criteria and physical activity of citizens in the study area (Hijab neighborhood of Mashhad). The present study is a descriptive-analytical one. Therefore, the theoretical basis was collected using library studies and then a questionnaire was used to check the tools obtained in the hijab neighborhood and the data was later analyzed by SPSS software. This was statistical analysis. The results show that: First, the indicators of social benchmarking in the urban environment fall into two main categories: social security and social interactions, between the two of which there was a significant correlation.