Semiology of Semantic Components in Iranian Gardens Case Study: Eram and Narenjestan Gardens in Shiraz

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Architecture, Rasht Branch, ACECR, Rasht, Iran.

2 Department of Architecture, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran.


The study of Iranian gardens and the features of its elements make it possible to identify the symbolism of nature. In fact, we can understand the hidden concepts in the gardens by examining its semantic features and signs. The obligation of an architect in Islamic architecture is transmitting the semantic message to the audience. That is why signs and its features in art and architecture are concerned important. In this research, it was tried to identify the semantic components of the signs used in the Iranian gardens of Shiraz. According to the literature review of this research, index and iconic signs are based on qualitative analysis of the elements that are present in these gardens through observations. While in order to reach symbolic signs that is influenced by socio-cultural norms, Space Syntax method has been used. The comparison of the social logic in the case gardens shows that these gardens are similar to each other in terms of social structure which is derived from customs and beliefs of that society. By comparing the elements in the gardens, it can be concluded that some of the elements are used more often than others to express the concepts as signs. Accordingly, the repetition of the signs and the emphasis on their frequent use makes it possible for the audience to have a better comprehension from the signs and concepts of the gardens as a semantic aspect of universe. This research contributes architects to revive lost identity of the built environment in the developing countries.