Understanding and Presenting Principles of Climatic Design in the Architectural Design of Golbahar City

Document Type: Original Article


1 M.A student majoring in Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Arts, Mashhad Branch of Islamic Azad University, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Mashhad Branch of Islamic Azad University, Iran


Architecture and climate are two man-made and natural systems that have a strong impact on each other.
The current study assesses the impact of the wind and solar energy on the formation of urban tissue and
building blocks in order to sustain and optimize the energy consumption in Golbahar City. According to
the studies, Golbahar City is a blockade and the orientation of the northern-to-southern masses is to the
current climate of the city. But the results of the current study identify East-to-West orientation for optimal
climate design. That is why the buildings created in this city have high energy dissipation due to inadequate
design. Hence, the choice of this city is considered necessary for energy analysis. The research method was
quantitative in this research. Design based on literature review, field researches, climate studies and
photography by study instrument Ladybug for analysis was determined to complete this article's contents.
First, by using the weather consultant software “Climate”, effects of such factors as sunlight and the wind
blowing from different directions and seasons have been analyzed to calculate energy consumption in a
building. Then by evaluating the best strategy for the two mentioned factors, the way of sustainable
architecture design was presented. Results were expressed in terms of different architectural design items
such as cover surface area, plan, exterior surface coating, heat storage material, heat dissipation, shading,
ventilation, double-layered heat, and materials.