Influence of Socio-Cultural Factors on the Formation of Architectural Spaces (Case Study: Historical Residential Houses in Iran)

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Architecture, ACECR University, Gilan, Iran


According to many researchers, "culture" is the main factor in the formation of architectural spaces and
plays an important role in social sustainability. Therefore, studying culture and its impact on architectural
spaces is important in order to understanding human behavioral patterns. In this research, it has been
attempted to examine the influence of socio-cultural factors on the formation of architectural spaces by
applying a descriptive-analytical method and using library resources. Also space syntax method was used
in order to evaluate the influence of social aspects on the formation of architectural spaces. The results of
this study indicate that the structural system of traditional Iranian houses is based on a hierarchical system
so that in order to reach the private space, it has to pass through a few intermediate spaces. This way of
reaching from the public space to the private space has also been derived from the culture and customs of
those regions. In this way, it can be concluded that socio-cultural factors have a great influence on the
formation of architectural spaces. Also, the cultural concept of the architecture prioritizes its material
meaning and the architecture is just through socio-cultural organizations that come to the vitality.